Where is the best place to go on a nature exploration? You can start in your own backyard, looking carefully for hidden insects, or observing plants and rocks up close. The best place to go to explore nature depends on where you live. A nearby pond, lake, swamp, field, or wooded area would make an excellent spot for a nature scavenger hunt. If you live near an ocean or bay, try visiting the shoreline.
Exploring nature by going on a field trip, scavenger hunt, or simply a walk through the park is a great time to talk about biomes of the earth. A biome is a place that has a certain climate and temperature, and supports different kinds of plants and animals. Some biomes are hot and dry, like the African Savannah, which is home to elephants, cheetahs, and giraffes. The cold polar regions of the earth are called Tundra, and animals like snowy owls, arctic foxes, and caribou live there.
In most parts of North America there are temperate biomes. Temperate means that it is a mild climate – not extremely hot or extremely cold, but somewhere in between. There are wet and dry temperate biomes. Swamps and marshes are a type of temperate biome that are very wet. Forests are also a wet biome, where there is quite a lot of rain. Grasslands and prairies are another type of temperate biome, where in some seasons it is wet and others dry. Deserts are a type of dry biome in North America where there is very little water. In a desert it is hot during the day and cold at night.
When we step out of the city, we step into a natural biome or habitat full of plant and animal life. Which kind of biome do you think you live in, or what ones can be found in your state? If you live close to mountains, there may be many types of biomes there, such as grassland and forest. There is always an abundance of life where water and land meet, such as by a stream, river, or the ocean. Animals need food and water to survive just like we do. When you go out exploring nature think about the weather and how the sun and the rain help the trees and plants, as well as the animals that have their home there.